While looking at a list of heart diseases often causes some confusion at first glance because of the medical terms used, the knowledge may be helpful when we and our love ones are affected by a particular heart disease. Knowing before hand the nature of the different types of heart diseases could assist us when the physician is explaining to us the kind of disease that a relative or friend may be suffering from. Having a list of heart diseases may come handy in such situations.
A List of Heart Diseases with a Brief Description
In this list of heart diseases, the general types of conditions are cardiac arrhythmia, aortic dissection, myocardial infarction, and congenital heart diseases. In arrhythmia, the patient has an irregular heart beat, heart palpitations, a feeling of being light headed, or a brief loss of consciousness. In an aortic dissection, the aorta’s inner layer is torn so that blood is able to get out and form a pool outside the aortic wall. This often requires surgery and immediate treatment because the outer wall could tear open and may even lead to myocardial infarction.
A heart attack or a myocardial infarction happens when a coronary artery is blocked so that a part of the heart dies, thereby resulting into extreme chest pain. The blockage is usually the result of the accumulation of fatty substances in the arteries. A congenital heart disease results from an abnormality in the heart at birth.
Meanwhile, Coronary Heart Disease Has Become the Number One Killer of Women
Recent studies have revealed that coronary heart disease has been tagged as the number one killer disease for women, contrary to the common belief that it is breast cancer. Research has also found that the number of American women who lose their lives due to cardiovascular diseases, such as stroke and heart disease, is almost twice the number of women who have died from all types of cancer.
What Causes Heart Disease, Particularly Woman’s Heart Disease?
It has been reported by several studies that woman’s heart disease usually comes unnoticed by the women themselves or the attending physicians. While men often describe what they are feeling during a heart attack in such a way that the doctor will be able to diagnose it correctly, women usually describe their symptoms in a vague manner so that the attending doctor might not notice that she had a heart attack.
With regards to the causes of heart disease, common factors include stress, insufficient exercise, obesity, hypertension, high blood cholesterol, and diabetes. An additional factor has been found for women because estrogen has been found to control the amount of bad cholesterol in the bloodstream. During menopause, the estrogen levels gradually decrease so the bad cholesterol levels begin to rise.
In summary, there are various kinds of heart disease and it would be helpful to have some knowledge of the different types. Having a list of heart diseases coupled with brief descriptions as to their nature, causes and effects would be helpful for any person who wants to prevent this disease and remain healthy.